69- If you see cellular swelling , plasma membrane blubbing, ion
of microvillus, mitochondrial swelling and cytoplasmic esinophlic,
so , you can tell that these cell are in:
a. Irreversible cell ingzy
b. Reversible cell injny
70- If you see a cell having nuclear chromatin condensation with
formation of apoptotic bodies, so you irreversible will be that
this cell has:
a. Cell injury.
b. Reversible cell injury.
71- Karyarheris pykenous or keryolyies is a sure sign.
c. Fatty change.
d. Reversible cell injury.
72- The ultrastractural changes of reversible cell injury
include all the following except:
a. Swelling of mitochondria.
b. Detachment ribosome.
c. Chromatin clumping.
d. Nuclear pyknosis.
e. Cytoplosmic blebs.
73- Regarding cellular swelling, which is true?
a. It is the first manifestation of all cell injury.
b. It is irreversible.
c. It is an actine process.
d. P53 and bcl-2 have a major role in its mechanism.
e. It needs ATD.
74- The morphology of necrotic cells including all the following
a. Increased cytoplasmic esinophilia.
b. The cells have homogenous cytoplasmic appearance due to loss
c. The cell usually increased in size.
d. The cell membrane of dead cells may be replased by large
whorlec phospholipid membrane colled myelin figene.
e. Apoptotic bodies are common findingim necrotic cells.
75- Rupture of lysosomes is usually seen in:
b. Fatty change.
c. Liquefactive necrosis.
d. Cloudy swelling.
e. Pathological atrophy.
76- By electron microscopy when we seen discontinuities in
plasma appearance of large amorphous densities, disruption of
lysosomes and myelin figures, we call this cell:
a. Necrotic cell.
b. Metaplastic cell.
c. Cell in cloudy swelling.
d. Apoptotic cell.
e. Apoptotic body.
77- Regarding the differences between apoptosis and necrosis ,
which is wrong:
a. Cells are enlarged in necrosis and shrinkage in apoptosis.
b. Plasma membrane in disrupted in necrosis and intact in
c. The nucleolus shows pyknous, karyorshexis or karyolyris in
necrosis and fragmentation of nucleus in aptoptosis.
d. Adjacent inflammation is common in necrosis and absent in
78- The following are considered as causes of cell injury except:
a. Hypoxia or ischemia.
b. Infections agents.
c. Genetic defects.
e. Physical agents.
79- Which is not considered as a cause of cell injury?
a. Chemical agents.
b. Physical agents.
c. Infectious agents.
e. Somatic death (whale body death).
f. Physiological atrophy.
80- Increased cell and organ size is called:
81- Increased cell numbers in response to hormones is called:
a. Cell death.
82- When the respiratory epithelium of heavy smoker changed to
stratified squamous epithdein is called:
a. Squomous metaplasia.
b. Pathological atrophy.
c. Physiological atrophy..
d. Pathological hyperplasia.
e. Pathological hypertrophy.
83- Which of the following types of adaptation may predispose to
malignant transformation, if persistent?
b. Physiological hyperplasia.
c. Pathological hyperplasia.
84- Causes of atrophy includes all the following conditions
a. Loss of nerve supply as in paralysis.
b. Inadequate nutrition as in prolonged starvation.
c. Loss of endocrine stimulation.
d. Aging as senile atrophy.
e. Diminished blood supply as in ischemia.
f. Increased workload in body builders.
85- Pathological hyperplasia is seen in the following organs due
to hormonal disturbance:
b. Endometriem, thyroid breast and prostate
c. Heart and skeletal muscle.
d. The lhier after partial resection.
86- The deposition of lipofuscin pigment in myocardial fibers is
a good example of:
a. Pathological atrophy.
b. Physiological atrophy.
c. Pathological hyperpetropy.
d. Physiological hyperplasia.
e. Pathological hyperplasia.
87- Hypertrophy is usually associated with hyperplasia but it
can occur alone only in:
a. The endometreim.
b. The breast.
c. The heart.
d. The prostate.
e. The skeletal muscle.
88- Physiological hypertrophy is usually anointed with
hyperplasia but it may occur alone in:
a. The breast.
b. The uterus.
c. The thyroid.
d. The prostate.
e. Skeletal muscle bibres.
89- Hyperplasia may be associated with hypertrophy in all the
following organs except:
a. The thyroid.
b. The prostate.
c. The breast.
d. The uterus.
e. The skeletal muscle bibres.
90- Systemic bypertemon leads to:
a. Hypertrophy of the left ventricle.
b. Hyperplasia of the myocardial fibers in the left ventricle.
c. Hypertrophy of the right ventricle.
d. Physiological atrophy of the right ventricle.
e. Brown atrophy of the heart.
91- Reversible change in the number, size phenotype, metabolic
activity or functions of cells in response stress is called:
b. Reversible cell injury.
92- Which of the following is not considered as response to cell
a. Cloudy swelling.
b. Fatty change.
93- Regarding pathology is which is wrong?
a. The study of diseases ten scientific bans render diagnosis
and guide therapy.
b. The science that deal with diagnosis of tumors.
c. Divided into general and systematic pathology.
d. The study involves etiology of disease pathogens, morphology
and its biochemical alteration.
e. It has no relation to the molecular, microbiologic and
94- What is the response of the cell to physiologic stress?
a. Or pathological stimuli to achieve a new steady state and
presence viability and function?
d. Reversible cell injury
e. Cloudy swelling.
f. Hydropic change.
g. Fatty change.
95- The condition in which the cell maintain its intracellular
environment within a narrow range of physiologic parameters in
96- Regarding pathology which is right?
a. It is discipline that bridge, clinical practice and basic
b. It is the histopathological diagnosis of tumors.
c. It deals with biopries only.
d. Cytological dialysis of body fluids sputum and cervical
smears are included in pathology.
e. It is a basic science without any hospital service to the
97- Regarding pathology which is false?
a. Autopsy is one of the disciplines in pathology.
b. Fine needle aspiration cytology and biopsy are helpful in
diagnosis of diseases.
c. It has an important role in screening of cancer as cancer
d. It is a clinical and basic science.
e. The pathologist has nothing to do for patients other than to
find the cause of death in criminal cases